Is Welding Hard to Learn? Get to Know How It Works and How to Master It

Here, we answer the most common questions of beginner welders: is it hard to lean, how much time will you need, and how to master the skills depending on the welding type.
Christopher McDonagh
Christopher McDonagh
Research Writer
Chris is a teacher of Literature at a school in New Berlin, Wisconsin. He is also our favorite irreplaceable freelance writer who can turn such a boring topic into something read more
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Thomas Garcia
Thomas Garcia
Expert Consultant
Thomas is a professional welder who gained his certification several decades ago and learned all the nuances of this job since then. When not at work, Thomas loves fishing i read more
Last updated: August 25, 2023
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Welding is a profession of the future, and it deserves just as much attention. In fields ranging from construction to automobile manufacturing, welders use their know-how to assemble metal parts according to recognized standards.

If you are interested in being a welder, you might be asking the following questions, is welding hard, or is welding hard to learn?

Well, welding is moderately hard to very hard for most starters. It’s more of a practical profession that cannot be learned by reading a book or just watching tutorials.

However, you can acquire the necessary skills by taking online courses and practicing the techniques, attending a vocational school, and taking an internship.

How Welding Works: Short Explanation

Is Welding Hard to Learn? Get to Know How It Works and How to Master ItThere are many types of welding machines where each one is used for a different task. But they all base their operation on the same form of work.

Welding machines require a source of energy (electrical, combustion, mechanical) to transform this into energy. This then allows the fusion of the filler material that is used to join two or more elements.

These machines handle a lot of energy in the form of heat to melt the filler materials. This is why the need to take into account all the necessary security measures for the use of these machines without the person running any risk.

Types of Welding, and How Hard They Are to Learn

Each welding technique meets a certain need and has a different learning curve. Depending on the metal to be welded, its thickness, and what you want to do with it, you have to adapt and choose one or the other.

Be careful, however. You have to learn in practice and by tests. Here are the different welding methods and their uses.

MIG Welding

Is Welding Hard to Learn? Get to Know How It Works and How to Master ItMIG (metal inert gas) is a welding process that makes use of either argon or helium in liquid gas or what is called flux-cored wire which releases gas as you weld, used on special MIG machines. The purpose of the gas is to protect the welded material from impurities such as dust and air.

This technique consists of creating an electric arc using an electrode, which will be protected by a gas. This gives a very solid spot weld. This gas welding technique allows the welding of aluminum as well as stainless steel or iron. This is one of the easiest types of welding you can learn.

TIG Welding

Is Welding Hard to Learn? Get to Know How It Works and How to Master ItTIG stands for “tungsten inert gas“. Here again, the principle is based on welding with a machine that uses tungsten electrodes, using an electric arc protected by a gas (generally argon). TIG welding is used for fine and precise work, where the welding must be resistant and aesthetic.

TIG welding can be very complex. It’s considered ”the Trusted Source ”How | MillerWelds” url=””]This visual guide will help you learn about 10 common TIG welding mistakes as well as basic tips on how to prevent these errors. to learn. So, it’s better to reserve this for when you’ve gained some experience.

Stick Welding

Is Welding Hard to Learn? Get to Know How It Works and How to Master ItAlso called MMA (manual metal arc) welding or shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), this method is both easy to try and very effective, especially for DIY. A welding station supplied with electricity transforms the electric current and passes through an electrode. This will melt when an electric arc is created between its tip and the metal elements to be welded. Again, it can be hard to start or maintain an arc with stick welding.

Note: Today’s welding machines are usually multi-process types; that is, you can now find a station that can weld using TIG, MIG, Flux-cored, and MMA techniques.

Is Welding Hard to Learn?

Welding is moderately hard to very hard for most starters. It’s more of a practical profession that cannot be learned by reading a book or just by watching tutorials.

However, welding is a really feasible thing for professionals as well as beginners, and by that, we mean that everyone can weld.

Everyone can learn to weld and to make this entry as easy as possible. But welding is often a complicated thing for beginners as there are too many technical terms.

However, you only need certain basic terms to really understand the whole thing

The video below shortly explains all the basics of welding and main welding processes.

How to Learn Welding?

Learning to weld starts with knowing the basic terms and functions of all welding equipment, then self-educating yourself with welding practices, tutorials, and courses, among others.

What You’ll Need

Make sure you are well equipped to start properly. You’ll need the following tools and equipment:

  • An electric welding station: An Inverter model avoids arc breaks by creating a direct current.
  • Electrodes: 1.6 mm, 2.5 mm, or 3.2 mm depending on the thickness of the metal to be welded.
  • A metal brush: it is used to clean the surface of the part to be welded.
  • A chipping hammer: it eliminates residues and excess material after welding.
  • A grinder: it makes the final result cleaner and more precise
  • Welding clamps: they are used to hold the metal workpiece together.
  • Shielding gas: run through the welding torch handle, it is used to protect the weld from contamination.
  • A welding handbook: You can’t know how to weld practically by just reading a book. However, the Welding Principles and Practices book by Edward Bohnart will let you have all the knowledge about the good practices in the welding profession. The Welding book by FISHER D J, HOFFMAN D J, and DAHLE K R also offers a comprehensive dive into the practice.

Safety Equipment

Please note, welding without wearing PPE (personal protective equipment) is out of the question. Welding sometimes results in small splashes of molten metal. In other words, a droplet on your skin will inevitably leave you with an unpleasant memory!

  • Balaclava or welding mask: do not look directly at the arc, without protection, as this could cause burns around the eyes and damage to the retina. Some models are equipped with liquid crystals which cloud the skylight as soon as the arc is produced.
  • Thick leather gloves: gloves for welding are very resistant and help avoid burns.
  • A welding apron: this is a thick apron, often made of leather, which also avoids incidents.

Is Welding Hard to Learn? Get to Know How It Works and How to Master ItSelf-education

Next, ensure you have practical welding experience. You won’t be able to learn to weld from a book. Welding is a manual job. The best you can get from a book is introductory practical training. For example, the Larry Jeffus Welding Book introduces would-be welders to all the principles and applications of welding.

However, by engaging in an apprenticeship program or by enrolling in a specialized vocational school to acquire the appropriate skills to master metal welding.

If you don’t have any welding experience or just have the basic knowledge that you want to learn more about, start by taking a course at a technical school or training center in your area. So you will learn the necessary safety rules and welding techniques, then practice as much as possible.

Learn how to strike an electric arc and how to control your welds. You have to start with one end and the first skill to master is making spot welds to hold the pieces to be welded together without using pliers. This allows you to precisely control the intensity of the arc and the rate at which filler metal is consumed as you weld the parts. You will need a little practice and some guidance. So right off the bat, have experienced welders teach you the ropes.

Today, many industrial welding jobs are carried out with welding machines that automatically unwind the welding wire, thus simplifying the work and making it more efficient. If you are looking to gain good welding experience and get paid for your work, master this welding technique which will be among the most common you will use.

Welding Internship, Schools and Courses

Several companies and technical schools offer on-the-job training courses, during which you will practice basic welding operations which will give you the chance to learn more. Participation in such an internship or course will allow you to increase your number of training hours and improve your skill level.

Find Welder Training Near Your Home

If you don’t have any work experience, the best way to start is with proper training. Several schools offer welding training programs. The same goes for adult training centers and vocational schools.

These are the safest channels for learning this profession and entering the world of work. A good training program includes job search assistance that gets you started. For those interested in the American system, the American Welding Society (AWS) Trusted Source American Welding Society American Welding Society maintains a database containing all the training centers available in the territory. Either way, you can search online to find training centers that are near your home.

Also in the United States, the three best-known private welding schools are Hobart Institute of Welding Technology, Tulsa Welding School, and Lincoln Welding School.

The AWS website has a dedicated scholarship page. Several unions and companies offer scholarships because many localities lack qualified welders and the organizations in question have an interest in developing this qualified workforce.

Is Welding Hard to Learn? Get to Know How It Works and How to Master ItHow Long Will It Take?

Before becoming a welder, training of a certain duration should be considered. However, this duration varies depending on the type of qualification sought at the end of the training. Learning to weld can take you between seven months and two years of learning.

How to Learn Faster?

From the start, just weld small pieces of steel, not too thick. This is the best way to acquire more finesse and technique.

In itself, the process is not very complicated, but it requires some control and know-how. So you have to try, keep going, and start over again.

Soon you will feel ready to tackle the welding of larger parts. In addition, you will also have more control over the electrode clamp, you will know how to control the arc so that you only apply the needed weld.

To obtain a good weld, without deforming the pieces of metal to be joined and to obtain a result that is fairly simple to clean, you have to practice.

Safety Requirements

The risks inherent in the welder’s work are very high:

  • chemicals associated with welding fumes,
  • thermal risks related to the heat released by the process,
  • eyepieces related to the radiation emitted,
  • electrocution risks to energized parts.

Therefore, you should note that collective protection is essential.

The management of explosive gases, particles, and dust requires specific equipment and precautions such as the extraction of welding fumes at the source.

UV protection for workshop personnel requires opaque welding screens of sufficient length to separate the workstations, possibly fitted with large diameter rollers to facilitate movement on uneven ground.

These welding screens prevent other workers from being hit by flying particles and harmful radiation. Non-flammable blankets can be provided and used to protect objects from weld splinters.

Finally, protection against electrocution is essential. A large number of precautions must be taken at the level of the electrical installation. This includes the connection and the maintenance of the various equipment (permanent earthing, earth cable of the metal parts). Work should not be carried out on the wet ground and keeping the welding machine in good condition is essential.

It is essential to supplement the preventive measures with personal protective equipment for the welder, which includes:

  • a welding helmet with a screen made of suitable material (for electric welding) or glasses with suitable glass (for welding with a torch)
  • leather gloves
  • safety shoes and gaiters
  • work clothes (trousers, jacket, balaclava) in flame-retardant cotton or non-flammable technical textile, leather apron
  • noise protection according to the source’s noise level

Final Thoughts

Welding can be an experience found to be simple to very hard for every starter. The welding machine you’re starting with can determine this to a greater extent.

MMA reverse welders are recommended for novice welding enthusiasts. Since the gas comes from the stream, the gas cylinder is not needed, as in a typical MIG/MAG station. MMA welders are an even better solution for beginners compared to MIG/MAG machines, where the wire feed speed is usually relatively fast.

The third type of popular equipment is TIG welding machines. How do they work?  And is welding hard with these? As we mentioned in the article, welding takes place in an inert gas shield by creating an electric arc using a non-consumable electrode.

TIG stations allow you to connect even very thin elements and create high-quality welds, also artistically. However, TIG welders are not recommended for beginners. The working method is simply considered quite difficult to master. Before you start learning TIG welding, it will be good to know the basics of using MMA or MIG/MAG welding machines.


How to Solve 10 Common TIG Welding Problems [Guide] | MillerWelds
This visual guide will help you learn about 10 common TIG welding mistakes as well as basic tips on how to prevent these errors.
American Welding Society
American Welding Society
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